Sunday 11 February, 2007
Diplococci of Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common. Many can be treated easily. Some may be asymptomatic but may lead to significant longer term problems if left untreated (e.g., chronic pelvic inflammatory disease from chlamydia increases the risk of ectopic pregnancies and infertility) (1).
It is a reality that people have sex, and some people have many sexual partners. As such, taking a sexual history and offering screening is an important part of preventative health care.
Note: the following guidelines are specifically for the broader Australian population. It may be appropriate to perform additional tests in specific cultural or regional groups (e.g., screening for HIV and syphilis is certain indigenous communities). These guidelines have been adapted the article by Ooi in the February 2007 edition of Australian Prescriber (2).